A Skin Cancer is the abnormal growth of keratinocytes or the skin cells that gets stimulated with the sun exposure. Basically, this cancer is of three types namely-
1. Basal cell cancers: This is the most common and most frequently occurring type of skin cancer. It is caused due to excessive sun exposure. Basal cell cancers are generally slowly growing. This can spread to the surrounding areas of the body.
2. Squamous cell cancers: This type of cancer can also spread to other body parts. And it can prove fatal, if left untreated.
3. Malignant melanoma skin cancers: Once you discover it in your body, it starts spreading at superficial surface further breaking to lower structures of the skin approximately 1-2 mm below the surface. Malignant Melanomas normally have black surface and this can take your life from you.
The scalp cancer about which we are talking about is an unusual type of squamous cell skin cancer (SCC) that is found mainly in men who are at the balding stage. But how? The reason being the direct exposure of their bald scalp to the sun’s harmful radiation. But do not remain in the illusion that this scalp cancer cannot occur to those with full head of hair. It can make anybody its victim.
This scalp cancer is said to be the most dangerous form of SCC. But the good news is that scalp cancer if diagnosed at the very initial stage. The symptoms of this disease are:
1. irritation on the scalp
2. formation of red nodules or fat lesions on the scalp
3. bleeding from these lesions
To diagnose it, these lesions are observed for a routine biopsy but the permanent or appropriate treatment for scalp cancer is the surgical removal of the cancer.
Its not that there is no prevention to this cancer. There are many ways to prevent yourself from scalp cancer like you can apply sunscreen lotions, wear hats when outdoors and try to avoid midday sun as much as possible.
by Navneet Brar